The Maple tree is a medium-sized deciduous tree belonging to the Maple tree family of the order Sapindaceae.
More than 150 species are classified under the name of “Maple”.
Except for one species, whose origin is in the southern hemisphere, this majestic and common tree comes from Asia, Europe and North America.
The Maple is a species of ornamental shrub with deciduous leaves, which, therefore, tends to lose its leaves during the winter months, while in autumn the foliage is dressed in beautiful iridescent and warm shades, ranging from golden yellow to bright red and burgundy, creating a striking and surprising chromatic effect.
Maple leaves: what are the characteristics?
When we talk about Maple, we mean a shrub with palmate and lobed leaves, visibly streaked with beautiful veins, which in most cases take on a darker and more intense color.
Usually the leaves of Maple trees have five lobes, although some species also have a foliage with seven or nine lobes.
The flowers are of different colors: red, orange, green.
Their simple elegance reaches the maximum explosion of beauty in the period of full bloom, when their whole produces a pleasing effect to the eye.
Thanks to their incredible value and landscape value, Maples are perfect to be cultivated in gardens and green spaces of modest dimensions.
The most common species of garden maple trees are Acer Palmatum and Acer Japonicum, which are small in size and can therefore also be planted in small gardens or on balconies and terraces in pots.
What Are The Most Common Varieties Of Maple?
Among all the Acer species known and cultivated in gardens all over Europe, one of the most common is undoubtedly that of Acer Japonicum, which, as the name suggests, comes from Japan.
This shrub usually reaches small dimensions, with an average height of 4 or 5 metres and a diameter varying from 2 to 3 metres.
The deciduous foliage, usually dark green, takes on a wonderful red color in autumn. Acer Japonicum ‘Acontifolium’ and Acer Japonicum ‘Vitifolium’ are very common in Italy and the rest of Europe. Both varieties are modest in size, easy to grow, suitable for non-calcareous soil and sunny or semi-shady exposure.
The Maples of the genus Japonicum very well withstand cold temperatures, but prefer areas not excessively exposed to the icy winter wind.
Another very common species of Maple is the Acer Palmatum or Japanese Maple.
This ornamental shrub is a small plant with a typical and characteristic bell or hemisphere shape, which generally does not exceed 5 meters in height and comes from Asia. It is also called “Japanese Maple” because for millennia it has been cultivated in this part of the world.
Maple is also famous for the product that is made from its sap, particularly sugary in one of its varieties, which is called maple syrup.
The leaves are palmate and have a bright, bright green color. In Italy, the leaves of Maple Palmatum are burgundy red.
It grows slowly and patiently and loves semi-shady or shady areas. The soil should be cool and dry.
The Acer Negundo, with its silvery white, variegated green foliage, and the Country Acer are also very common and appreciated.
Also very characteristic is Acer saccharinum, also known as Acer silvery or silvery maple.
Maple Tree Pruning: How Is It Done And What Is It Used For?
Maple, thanks to its rapid and vigorous vegetative growth, allows not only to decorate and embellish the spaces in which it is placed, but also to create areas of shade.
Since it has several branches or vegetative branches, which grow at the base of the plant, pruning has precisely the function of preventing them from disfiguring the shape of the tree and taking energy away from the plant and the new branches.
The advice is to intervene with the pruning, evaluating case by case the needs of the shrub, as the maple presents an extreme variety of species, with different characteristics and needs.
Specific tools, such as shears, are needed to prune the maple tree.
There are differing opinions about the best time for pruning.
The right course of action to take is to prune the plant away from the growing season. The ideal thing would be to prune during the winter months, in the more temperate and not too cold areas in March, before the buds start to swell.
In the period between March and April we therefore advise you to remove only those branches that have been compromised by the cold or those that have been broken by the wind.
To make an ideal pruning on your maple tree, try this branch-cutter chosen by Portale del Verde directly on Amazon. Its features, such as adjustable cutting angle, make it the best tool for pruning both dry and green trees. Click below!
What Is The Best Time To Plant Maple?
If you have purchased a potted shrub, the best time to plant the maple is at the end of winter.
If you want to grow the maple from seed, the right month to plant it is October. Always work the soil carefully, mixing and combining it with mature manure. If it is a dry season, remember to water your maple frequently.
Maple Diseases: Which Are The Main Ones And Which Pests?
Maples are frequently affected by fungal diseases such as powdery mildew and rust. These diseases, however, are only dangerous when the cultivated maple is small, as falling leaves could cause irreparable damage to the future growth of the tree.
In these circumstances, therefore, it is advisable to intervene effectively and promptly, using fungicides composed of sulphurous and cupric substances.
If, on the other hand, large specimens are affected, although pest attacks are rare, the trees have the ability not to reveal any symptoms of suffering.
Also the foliar miners affect the maples, but also in this circumstance the pathology is worrying only if the youngest trees are attacked.
In order to combat the disease, it is sufficient to intervene with an insecticide. Adult trees, on the other hand, tolerate these attacks very well and show no signs of impairment.
Buying the right fungicide is not always an easy choice. Ideally you should seek advice from an expert to avoid creating even bigger problems for your plants.
As our article recommends, to combat various fungal attacks, such as powdery mildew and rust, a cupric fungicide is the ideal solution and Green Portal has well thought to choose the best one you can find on Amazon.
Click below and discover the features of this product that all gardening enthusiasts should have.